Sustainable development has been defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
All systems and societies naturally develop. However, In this day and age, development is moving at breakneck speeds, thanks to advancement in technology.
It’s about improving the well being of everyone wherever they are and achieving this milestone collectively. Sustainable development goals also want companies to expand, people to have the best jobs, everyone to afford nutritious foods wherever they live, quality and affordable education for everyone, freedom of speech without violence, and our economies to grow exponentially. They want to develop innovative technologies while keeping the environment safe.
Two decades ago, close to 40% of the population of the developing world lived in extreme poverty. Since then, the world has halved extreme poverty, with the UN’s Millennium Development Goals greatly contributing to this progress.
UN has adopted an ambitious 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Over the next fifteen years, countries will mobilize efforts to end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind.
UN is helping in adopting global goals which in turn is helping individuals, organizations, and governments worldwide to agree on the direction – essentially, to focus on what really matters for our future.
Population is the main factor driving up sustainable development campaigns. So let’s have a look at the perspectives of why UN is pushing hard for SDG’s :
- To provide adequate essential human needs – With the explosion of population, people will have to scramble for the limited life essentials like food, shelter, and water. Renewable & sustainable options should be utilized more
- Agricultural requirement – Finding ways to feed more than 3 billion people can be staggering. Sustainable development focuses on sustainable agricultural methods such as effective seeding techniques and crop rotation to promote high yields while maintaining the integrity of the soil, which produces food for a large population.
- Manage climate change – Sustainable development practices seek to reduce the use of fossil-based sources of fuel like oil, natural gas, and coal. Fossil fuel sources of energy are unsustainable since they are responsible for the emission of greenhouse gasses.
- Financial stability – Sustainable development practices have the ability to create more financially sustainable economies across the globe. From the development of renewable energy technologies, development countries can create sustainable jobs
- Sustain Biodiversity – Life ecosystem is designed in such a way that species depend on one another for survival. For instance, plants produce oxygen that humans need for respiration. Humans exhale carbon dioxide that plants need for growth and production. Unsustainable development practices like emission of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere kill many plant species. This is not good for humans. Therefore, Sustainable development practices encourage the use of renewable energy resources, and organic farming practices that do not emit any greenhouse gas to the atmosphere.
So, understand the importance of Sustainable Development goals, understand their framework and their agenda to help the nation.
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