Stéphane Pallez has been President and CEO of the Française des Jeux since November 2014. She previously was President and CEO of the French State reinsurance company (CCR - Caisse Centrale de Réassurance) from 2011 onward, and Deputy Chief Financial Officer at France Télécom Orange, from 2004 onward. A graduate from the Paris Institut d’études politiques and the French National School of Administration, ENA, she worked at the French Treasury Department from 1984 to 2004, with three main engagements : finance regulation, public business shareholding - with Bull, Thomson Multimedia, Gaz de France or Cogema - and international negociations, most notably at the World Bank and as the Director for International Affairs at the Treasury Department. From 1991 to 1994, she was a technical advisor to the personal staff of Ministers of Economic Affairs and Finance Pierre Bérégovoy and later Michel Sapin.